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Thursday, March 21, 2013
'Happy New Year' and 'Happy Birthday' in Vedic Astrology
Year in Vedic Astrology/Jyotiṣa stands on much the same footing as Happy
Birthday does. Vedic Astrology follows the sidereal zodiac unlike the Western world
which follows the tropical zodiac.
usher in 2014 according to the Gregorian Calendar, we need to note two
things-firstly, this is the Western New Year, that is, it is
actually happening, and secondly, it is not the Vedic New Year.
bold and underlined because I am a big fan of what is happening and not
happening. This is an important benchmark for me. The New Year is happening
based on a certain reckoning. This is not the Vedic reckoning. So the Gregorian
New Year is not that important, if at all, in the Hindu system of popular time.
that is no reason to not note vociferously that a New Year is close at hand and
anticipate new things because…because it is happening.
astrology records months based on the solar ingress. The solar ingress means
the movement of Sūrya/ Surya into Rāśi/sign. The Rashi or the Vedic sign is
created by the Sun. This is done based on the one degree motion of the Sun per
day and each Vedic sign is comprised of thirty degrees of arc of longitude.
system records ‘days’ as motion of the Moon called ‘Tithi’ which is relative to
the Sun based on the angular distance between the two luminaries. There are
thirty Tithi in a month/Māsa/Masa.
New Year starts on the day the Sun transits into the first sign of the zodiac
Meṣa/Mesha/ Aries. That makes sense even to the person who is not actually adept
at astrology. This is the first lunar day of the bright half (Śukla Pakṣa
Pratipadā/ Shukla Paksha Pratipada) in the Chaitra Māsa. This is Happy New Year
in Vedic astrology.
What in the world is happy birthday, then? Assuming people
have one clear birthday and not two, say one in February and the other in
October to confuse the general populace, then the Vedic birthday will be close
to that birthday though not identical with it. The Vedic birthday varies a
little each year. However there is zero variation in the astronomy of the
The astronomy of the birthdate is the exact angular distance
between the Sun and Moon as at birth during the month when the Sun is
transiting the same Rāśi as at the time of birth. This is called Tithi
Praveśa/Pravesha but is actually Happy Birthday (the February-October rider firmly
Tithi is very important though Western Happy New Year
and Happy Birthday are important only because they happen. Tithi is important because
it is composed of Jala Tattwa/ water element which indicates emotions, flux and
prosperity all of which are important. Every year we cast a Tithi Praveśa
Cakra/ Tithi Pravesha Chakra, a distinct horoscope for the Vedic birthday which
reveals the basic features of the Hindu year in respect of love and prosperity
and the flow of things in general.
Happy birthday is more Moon and Happy New year is more